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ATi Technologies produced graphics cards from the '80s through the mid '00s until merging with AMD in 2006. AMD still produces graphics cards today.

ATi Wonder Series

The ATi Wonder series represents some of the first graphics add on products for IBM PCs and compatibles introduced by ATi Technologies in the mid to late 1980s. These cards were unique at the time as they offered the end user a considerable amount of value by combining support for multiple graphics standards (and monitors) into a single card. The VGA Wonder series added additional value with the inclusion of a bus mouse port, which normally required the installation of a dedicated Microsoft Bus Mouse adapter.

The VGA Wonder series later merged with the ATI Mach series of cards in 1990. The ATi Graphics Ultra (VRAM) and ATi Graphics Vantage (DRAM) cards both featured independent VGA Wonder ASICs in addition to their Mach8 8514 compatible coprocessor chips. The Graphics Ultra was later renamed the VGA Wonder GT. In 1992, their following product line, the Mach32, integrated the VGA wonder core and coprocessor into a single IC. At this point the VGA Wonder line was cancelled and replaced with a cost reduced DRAM based version of Mach32 known as the "ATi Graphics Wonder".

Graphics Solution (CGA)

File:ATI Hercules Card 1986.xcf
One of the early graphics cards from ATI Technologies: a Graphics Solution Rev 3 Hercules graphics card from 1986. As can be seen from the PCB the layout was done in 1985, whereas the marking on the central chip CW16800-A says "8639" meaning that chip was manufactured week 39, 1986.

Release Date: 1986

ATi Graphics Solution Rev 3

ATi Color Emulation Card

ATi Graphics Solution plus (1987)

Graphics Solution Plus SP

  • Chipset: ATI CW16800-B
  • Adds Serial/Parallel Ports

Graphics Solution SR

  • Chipset: ATI CW16800-B
  • Uses Static RAM

ATi Small Wonder Graphics Solution (1988)

  • Chipset: ATI 18700
  • Also known as Graphics Solution Single Chip or just GS-SC
  • Single-chip version of the Graphics Solution plus
  • 64kb of static RAM
  • Composite Output

Graphics Solution Single Chip or GS-SC with Game (1988)

Product Name Part Number GPU Chip Bus FCC Date Mode Mem Size Mem Type FCCID Notes
Graphics Solution 168228 CW16800-A XT 1985 CGA, MDA 64KB SRAM EXM5RSGSO
Color/Emulation Card 168230-1 CW16800-A XT 1985 CGA 64KB SRAM Versions 1-4?
Graphics Solution Plus 168248 CW16800-B XT 1986 CGA, MDA 64KB SRAM EXM5RSGSO
Graphics Solution-SR 168328 CW16800-C XT 1987 CGA, MDA 64KB SRAM EXM5RSGSSR
Small Wonder 18701 18700 XT 1988 CGA, MDA 64KB/128KB dram EXM5RSGSSC
Graphics Solution-SC 18703 18700 XT 1988 CGA, MDA 64KB/128KB SRAM EXM5RSGSSC1 Versions 1-2 ?
Graphics Solution-SC 109005100 16800-C XT 1988 CGA, MDA 64KB SRAM EXM5RSGSSC2NC Versions 1-3?
Graphics Solution-SC WITH GAME 109003200 18700 XT 1988 CGA, MDA 64KB dram EXM5RSGSSCGM

EGA Wonder

Release Date: 1987

ATi EGA Wonder (March 1987)

  • Chipset: ATI16899-0 + CHIPS P86C435
  • Supports CGA, Hercules mono & EGA graphics modes
  • Removes support for plantronics mode/Single-page Hercules mode/composite output
  • Compatible with MDA, CGA and EGA displays (DIP switch selectable)
  • Internal composite port for machines such as IBM 5155 Portable
  • 256kb DRAM
  • Port: 8-bit PC/XT bus
  • Original MSRP: $399

ATi EGA Wonder 800

  • Added support for extended EGA text and graphics modes (requires multisync monitor)
  • Added support for 16-colour VGA modes

ATi EGA Wonder 800+

  • Rebadged VGA Edge lacking the analogue VGA port
  • Chipset: ATI 18800
  • Can auto-detect monitor type connected (DIP switches no longer present)
Product Name Part Number GPU Chip Bus FCC Date Mode Mem Size Mem Type FCCID Notes
EGA Wonder 16890, 16892 ATI16899-0 XT 1986-11-13 EGA 256KB dram EXM5RSEGA0 Series 1 through 4
[EGA Wonder 800] 16900, 1040015-0xx ATI16899-0 XT 1988-08-09 EGA 256KB dram EXM5RSEGA2 Repackaged at reduced cost as "EGA Wonder 480"
[EGA Wonder VIP] 18008 ATI16899-0 XT 1987-10-01 EGA 256KB dram EXM5RSVIP1 Rev 1-5
EGA Wonder 800+ 109006000 Wonder XT 1989-06-01 EGA 256KB dram EXM5RSVGA8B1 Sold as "VGA Edge-8" when board has VGA port

VGA Wonder

Release Date: 1987

ATi VIP or VGA Improved Performance (1987)

  • Chipset: ATi 16899-0 & Chips P82C441
  • Supports CGA, Hercules mono, EGA & VGA graphics with Softsense automatic mode switching
  • Compatible with MDA, CGA, EGA and VGA displays (DIP switch selectable)
  • 9-pin TTL and 15-pin analogue connectors
  • 256kb DRAM
  • Port: 8-bit PC/XT bus
  • Original MSRP: $449 ($99 for Compaq expansion module)

ATi VGA Wonder (1988)

  • Chipset: ATI 18800
  • Adds support for SVGA graphics modes
  • Adds support for monitor auto-sensing (switchless configuration)
  • Uses on-board EEPROM to store configuration information
  • 256kb or 512kb DRAM
  • Port: 8-bit PC/XT bus

ATi VGA Edge 8

  • Cost Reduced VGA Wonder
  • 256KB DRAM

ATi VGA Wonder 16 (1988)

  • Speed enhancements due to a wider bus
  • VGA pass through connector
  • Bus mouse connector
  • 256KB or 512KB DRAM
  • Port: 16-bit PC/AT bus (ISA), 8-bit compatible
  • Original MSRP: $499 or $699 respectively

ATi VGA Edge-16

  • Cost reduced VGA Wonder 16
  • Lacks the bus mouse connector and the digital TTL output
  • 256kb DRAM (not expandable to 512kb)

ATi VGA Wonder+ (1990)

File:ATI Wonder.jpg
ATI VGA Wonder+
  • Chipset: ATI 28800-2, -4, or -5
  • Based on a new chipset which claimed to offer speeds rivalling VRAM based cards
  • Dual page mode memory access
  • Dynamic CPU/CRT interleaving
  • 256KB or 512KB DRAM

ATi VGA Integra (1990)

  • Cost reduced version based on new ATi 28800 ASIC
  • Lacks bus mouse connector
  • Uses a much smaller PCB with a surface mount BIOS & RAMDAC
  • Supports SVGA Graphics with 72 Hz refresh rates
  • 512KB DRAM

ATi VGA Basic-16 (1990)

  • PCB layout similar to VGA Integra but using cheaper RAMDAC
  • Only supports the basic 60 Hz VGA modes of the IBM VGA standard from 1987
  • 256KB DRAM (not upgradable)

ATi VGA Charger (1991)

  • Similar to VGA Basic-16, but can be upgraded to 512KB

ATi VGA Wonder XL (May 1991)

  • Sierra RAMDAC adds support for 15-bit colour in 640x480@72 Hz, 800x600@60 Hz
  • Supports a flicker-free vertical refresh rate of 72 Hz
  • 256KB, 512KB or 1MB DRAM
  • Original MSRP: $229, $349, $399 respectively

ATi VGA Stereo·F/X

ATi VGA Stereo·F/X
  • Chipset: ATI 28800
  • Combines a VGA Wonder XL with a Sound Blaster 1.5
  • Features "fake" stereo sound
  • 512KB or 1MB DRAM

ATi VGA Wonder XL24 (1992)

  • Contains a Brooktree Bt481KPJ85 RAMDAC that adds support for hi and true colour graphics modes
  • 512KB or 1MB DRAM

ATi VGA Wonder 1024

  • A series of OEM cost reduced versions of several VGA Wonder models
  • Typically lacks the bus mouse connector and/or the digital TTL output
Product Name Part Number GPU Chip Bus FCC Date Mode Mem Size Mem Type FCCID Notes
VGA Improved Performance (VIP) 18008 ATI16899-0 XT 1987-10-01 VGA 256KB dram EXM5RSVIP1
VGA Wonder-8 109006000 Wonder XT 1989-06-01 SVGA 256KB dram EXM5RSVGA8B1
VGA Wonder 16 (v1-5) 109006300 Wonder ISA 1989-04-18 SVGA 256/512KB dram EXM5RSVGA2(Vx) Later Part No: 109007200
VGA Edge-8 109006000 Wonder XT 1989-06-01 VGA 256KB dram EXM5RSVGA8B1 Same as "EGA Wonder 800+" except has VGA connector instead of EGA
VGA Edge-16 109008500 Wonder ISA 1990-03-20 SVGA 256/512KB dram EXM1024V5
VGA Wonder 1090009510 Wonder 2 ISA 1990-10-29 SVGA 256/512KB dram EXMVGADM1 Repackaged as "VGA Basic-16"
VGA Wonder+ 1090012220 Wonder 2 ISA 1990-10-29 SVGA 256/512KB VRAM EXMVGAVM1 Rebranded as VGA Wonder XL
VGA 800 ? Wonder 2 ISA 1990-09-20 SVGA 256/512KB dram EXMVGADM2P1
VGA Charger 1090010400 Wonder 2 ISA 1991-07-29 SVGA 256/512KB dram EXMBVGA Repackaged as "VGA Integra" PN: 109P014210
VGA Stereo·F/X 1090013110 Wonder 2 ISA 1991-08-22 SVGA 512/1024KB dram EXMVGAFX Integrated Sound Blaster 1.5
VGA Wonder XL24 1092414310 Wonder 2 ISA 1991-07-26 High color 512/1024KB dram EXMVGAXLV1 Repackaged as "VGA 1024DXL"
VGA 1024D 1090014410 Wonder 2 ISA 1992-12-07 High color 512/1024KB dram EXMBVGA1M

ATi Mach series

The ATi Mach line was a series of 2D graphics accelerators for personal computers developed by ATI Technologies. It became an extension (and eventual successor) to the ATI Wonder series of cards. The first chip in the series was the ATi Mach8. It was essentially a clone of the IBM 8514/A with a few notable extensions such as Crystal fonts. Being one of the first graphics accelerator chips on the market, the Mach8 did not have an integrated VGA core. In order to use the first Mach8 coprocessor cards, a separate VGA card was required. This made ownership considerably expensive. A temporary solution was presented with the ATi Graphics Ultra/Vantage cards, which combined an ATi 8514 Ultra and VGA Wonder+ into a single card (though using discrete ICs). The Mach32 chip was the follow-up to the Mach8, which finally featured an integrated VGA core, true colour support and a 64-bit datapath to internal memory.

Mach 8

Released: 1990

  • IBM 8514/A clone
  • Support for up to 8-bit color modes
  • Optional VGAWonder 2 (28800) graphics core (with dedicated 256–512 KB DRAM)
  • 512 KB or 1 MB available with either DRAM or VRAM
  • Port: ISA, MCA

The Mach 8 chip was used on the following ATI products:

Product Name Part Number GPU Chip Bus FCC Date Mode Mem Size Mem Type FCCID Notes
8514 Ultra 109-00113-20 Mach8 ISA 1991-01-23 8514 1 MB VRAM EXMULTRA1
Graphics Ultra 10911550 Mach8 + Wonder2 ISA 1991-03-29 VGA + 8514 512KB +1MB VRAM EXMCOMBOVM1 Repackaged as VGA Wonder GT
8514/Ultra AT BUS 109-00117-10 Mach8 ISA 1991-02-28 8514 1 MB VRAM EXM8514VMAT1
8514/Ultra MCA Mach8 MCA 1991-10-22 8514 1 MB VRAM EXM8514MC
8514 Vantage AT Mach8 ISA 1991-02-27 8514 1 MB dram EXMVANAT1
Graphics Vantage 109-00118-40 Mach8 + Wonder2 ISA 1992-04-27 VGA + 8514 512KB +1MB dram EXMCOMBODM1

Mach 32

Released: 1992

  • 32-bit GUI accelerator with basic DOS support
  • Limited VESA VBE support
  • Support for 15 bbp, 16 bbp and 24 bbp colour modes added
  • Video memory: 1 or 2 MB DRAM or VRAM
  • Memory interface: 64-bit
  • Port: ISA, EISA, VLB, PCI, MCA
  • Integrated VGA core
  • 100% compatible with IBM 8514/A
  • Many cards have upgradeable RAMDAC options:
    • DIP28 package: ati-68830 @ 85Mhz (Non-interlaced up to 1280x1024x8bit)
    • PL84 package: ati-68875 ( or TI 34075-135FN, TI 34076-135FN ) @ 135Mhz

The Mach 32 chip was used on the following ATI products:

Product Name Part Number GPU Chip Bus FCC Date Mem Size Mem Type FCCID Notes
Graphics Ultra Pro 109-00189-40 Mach32-03 / -06 ISA 1992-08-11 1/2MB VRAM EXM688VM1
Graphics Ultra+ 109-00193-40 Mach32-06 ISA 1992-08-18 1/2MB dram EXM688DM1
Graphics Ultra Pro 109-19100-30 Mach32-03 / -06 EISA 1992-12-14 1/2MB VRAM EXM688VME1
Graphics Ultra Pro 109-00195-30 Mach32-03 / -06 VLB 1993-02-17 1/2MB VRAM EXM195
Graphics Wonder 109-22800-10 Mach32-06 ISA 1993-03-12 1 MB dram EXM228
Graphics Ultra Pro 109-19200-20 Mach32-03 / -06 MCA 1993-08-30 1/2MB VRAM EXM192
Graphics Wonder 109-22900-20 Mach32-06 VLB 1993-09-13 1/2MB dram EXM229
Graphics Ultra CLX 109-00196-30 Mach32-06 VLB 1993-10-20 1/2MB dram EXM196
Graphics Ultra XLR 109-19500-50 Mach32-06 / -LX VLB 1993-11-17 1/2MB VRAM EXM195a LX supported fewer ram types
Graphics Ultra Pro 109-23000-10 Mach32-AX PCI 1994-04-11 1/2MB VRAM EXM230a AX supported PCI
Graphics Wonder 109-23400-00 Mach32-06 VLB 1994-02-22 1/2MB dram EXM234 OEM as "VGA 1024 VLB"
Graphics Ultra Pro 109-25400-30 Mach32-AX PCI 1995-01-17 1/2MB dram EXM254a OEM as "Graphics Ultra AXO" and "PCI mach32-D"

Mach 64

Released: 1994

  • 64-bit GUI accelerator with basic DOS support
  • Limited VESA VBE support
  • Video memory: 1, 2, 4 or 8 MB DRAM, VRAM, or SGRAM
  • Memory interface: 64-bit
  • Port: ISA, VLB, PCI
  • Variants:
    • "Mach64 CX/210888" - Original chipset, uncommon (up to 2 MB DRAM, or 4 MB VRAM)
    • "Mach64 GX/210888GX" - Enhanced video playback capabilities
    • "Mach64 ET/210888ET" - Embedded???
    • "Mach64 CT/264CT - Cost-reduced Mach64 with integrated RAMDAC and clock chip (up to 2 MB DRAM)
    • "Mach64 VT/264VT - AMC connector (Support for TV-tuner)
    • "Mach64 GT/264GT 3D Rage" - 3D capabilities
    • "Mach64 GT-B/264GT-B 3D Rage II - SDRAM & SGRAM support(up to 8 MB)
    • "Mach64 LT/264LT" - Low-power mobile version of Mach64 GT

The Mach 64 chip was used on the following ATI products:

Several Mach64 PCI graphics cards
Mach64 PCI made by ASUS

Mach64 GX Family:

  • Graphics Xpression (1 or 2 MB DRAM)
  • Graphics Pro Turbo (2 or 4 MB VRAM)
  • WinTurbo (1 or 2 MB VRAM, non-upgradable)
  • Graphics Pro Turbo 1600 (fast RAMDAC,PCI-only)
  • XCLAIM GA (Macintosh)

Mach64 CT Family:

  • WinBoost (1 MB DRAM, upgradable to 2mb)
  • WinCharger (2 MB DRAM)

Mach64 VT Family:

  • Video Charger
  • Video Xpression (Mach64 VT2)
  • Video Xpression+ (Mach64 VT4)

Mach64 GT Family:

  • 3D Xpression (2 MB EDO DRAM))

Mach64 GT-B Family:

  • 3D Charger (2 MB EDO DRAM)
  • 3D XPRESSION+ (2 or 4 MB SDRAM)
  • 3D XPRESSION+ PC2TV (TV-out)
  • 3D Pro Turbo (2, 4, 6 or 8 MB SGRAM)
  • 3D Pro Turbo+ PC2TV (TV-out)
  • Xclaim VR - early versions (Macintosh, 2, 4 or 8 MB SGRAM, Video-In Video-Out)
  • Xclaim 3D - early versions (Macintosh, 4 or 8 MB SGRAM)
  • All-In-Wonder (SDRAM, TV Tuner)

Important Note: The 3D Rage and 3D Rage II chips were also known as Mach64 GT and Mach64 GT-B respectively. The Mach64 moniker was eliminated with introduction of the 3D Rage Pro.

Product Name Part Number GPU Chip Bus FCC Date Clock Mem Size Mem Type FCCID Notes
Win Turbo 109-23600-10 Mach64 GX / GX2 PCI 1994-3-23 40/40 2MB / 4MB VRAM EXM236
Graphics Xpression 109-27800-10 Mach64 GX VLB 1994-3-28 40/40 2MB dram EXM278
Graphics Xpression 109-19301-10 Mach64 GX ISA 1994-6-21 40/40 2MB dram EXM193
Graphics Pro Turbo 109-26900-30 Mach64 GX VLB 1994-7-13 40/40 2MB / 4MB VRAM EXM269
Graphics Xpression 109-30200-00 Mach64 CX PCI 1995-1-17 40/40 2MB / 4MB dram EXM254A
Graphics Pro Turbo 109-25500-20 Mach64 GX PCI 1995-2-9 40/40 2MB / 4MB dram EXM255
Graphics Xpression 109-30300-00 Mach64 GX VLB 1995-3-15 40/40 2MB / 4MB dram EXM301
Graphics Pro Turbo 1600 109-33200-10 Mach64 GX PCI 1995-6-13 40/40 4MB VRAM EXM332 Optional Apple Display, Faster Ramdac
Xclaim GA 109-32900-10 Mach64 GX PCI 1995-11-27 40/40 2MB / 4MB VRAM EXM329 Apple Display
Graphics Pro Turbo 109-28100-00 Mach64 GX ISA 1996-2-14 40/40 2MB / 4MB VRAM EXM281
Win Charger 109-32100-20 Mach64 CT PCI 1995-7-20 40/40 2MB EDO EXM321 Integrated RAMDAC
Win Boost 109-33100-10 Mach64 VT PCI 1995-7-20 40/40 2MB EDO EXM331
Video Xpression 109-34000-10 Mach64 VT / VT2 PCI 1996-7-9 62/62 2MB / 4MB EDO EXM340 Board reused for "3D Xpression"
Video Xpression 109-36300-10 Mach64 VT2 PCI 1996-6-6 62/62 2MB / 4MB EDO EXM363
Video Xpression+ 109-40600-10 Mach64-VT4 PCI 1998 62/62 2,4,8 MB EDO n/a Same board as 3D Rage IIC PCI

ATi Rage series

Rage 3D II PCI
Rage LT Pro
Rage 128 Pro OEM
Rage 128 16MB

Work in progress

3D Rage

The first generation 3D RAGE chip was based upon a Mach64 2D core with new 3D functionality and MPEG-1 acceleration. Part number on the GPU suggest the name Mach64-GT. Appears to be pin compatible with Mach64-VT4 series chips, but was the first accelerator that was no longer register compatible with the 8514/A. Features:

  • 64bit Memory Access
  • DirectX 5.0 Support
  • 1 Pixel Shader, 1 Texture Map Unit, 1 ROP
  • Fixed Pipeline
  • Produced 1 Pixel per clock and 1 Texel every other clock

The reason for the Rage name change was:

As the COMDEX 1995 launch approached ATI learned that S3 was planning to release their ViRGE 3D accelerator at the same time. Phil Eisler, the manager of the new chip wasn’t thrilled about launching a product called the ATI 264GT at the same time. So, he started searching for a name with some energy behind it to compete with ViRGE.
3D Rage II

The 3D Rage II chip was an enhanced, pin compatible version of the 3D Rage accelerator offering better 3d performance. Early 3D Rage II chips have part numbers that suggest a continuation of the same family: Mach64-GT2. The Rage II chip supported single-cycle EDO memory & high-speed SGRAM. Later revisions switch to an "R2" naming convention for Rage II chip family. These revisions boosted 2D performance by 20 percent and added support for MPEG-2 (DVD) playback, and AGP support.


  • 64bit Memory Access
  • DirectX 5.0 Support
  • No Hardware Open GL Support
  • 1 Pixel Shader, 1 Texture Map Unit, 1 ROP
  • Fixed Pipeline
  • Produced 1 Pixel per clock and 1 Texel every other clock

Period Correct CPUs:

  • Pentium P54C, MMX
  • Pentium II with 66Mhz bus
  • K6 & Cyrix 6x86

GPU Competitors at Release:

  • Matrox Millenium (G200) or Mystique (G220)
  • Nvidia Riva 128
  • 3d Labs Permedia 2
  • Rendition Verite 2100
  • Number 9 Ticket To Ride

Contemporary Review:,42-3.html

A very good 3D paired with a very good 2D performance, the support of 4 and 8 MB onboard RAM, hence the support of up to 1280x1024 3D resolution and last but not least the optional TV output make this card a very good all-round solution, appealing to gamers as well as professionals ... as long as you don't require OpenGL. If you plan on using the XPERT card in a Socket 7 system, you'll be pleased to hear that the 3D performance isn't bad even with slower CPUs, however, the Diamond Stealth and cards with NVidia's Riva 128 are faster. You've got to be careful using an XPERT card as AGP version with a Socket 7 board that uses VIA's Apollo VP3 chipset, because you'll face some serious compatibility as well as performance problems. These problems don't occur if you are using the PCI version with these boards.

Rage IIC was a low end part released along side of the Rage Pro. Rage IIC performed similarly to S3 Trio3D or S3 Virge GX2. Mach64 VT4 appears to be very similar to the Rage IIC, but only seen with EDO memory. They both use BIOS labeled "Rage IIC".

3D Rage Pro

Released in the latter half of 1997, the Rage Pro was a major improvement on ATI's previous Rage II chip. Improvements include an increased texture cache size (now at 4 KB) allowing for improved texture filtering, as well as an integrated triangle setup engine that improved performance on CPU bound systems. It is the first ATI chip (and among the earliest graphics chips) to fully support AGP bus features, including execute mode (AGP texturing). It is also the first ATI chip to support OpenGL in hardware. However, like the previous Rage chips, the Rage Pro cannot bilinear filter alpha textures, resulting in transparent textures still having a rough appearance. Performance-wise, it is very similar to 3Dfx's original Voodoo Graphics chipset. The Rage Pro was very popular with OEMs and up until the late 2000s, it was integrated into many server motherboards.

The Rage Pro is also the last chip to support ATI's CIF application programming interface. It is also ATI's last chip with Windows 3.1x support.


  • DirectX 6.0 Support
  • Open GL 1.1 Support
  • 1 Pixel Shader, 1 Texture Unit, 1 ROP
  • Fixed Pipeline
  • Produced 1 Pixel and 1 Texel every clock
  • 64bit Memory Access
  • Apple versions supported WRAM and an external 250MHz ramdac

Period Correct CPUs:

  • Pentium MMX
  • Pentium II
  • K6 & Cyrix MX

GPU Competitors at Release:

  • 3Dfx Voodoo
  • 3Dfx Voodoo Rush
  • SiS 6326
  • Nvidia Riva 128
  • 3d Labs Permedia 2
  • Rendition Verite 2100
  • NEC PowerVR

Contemporary Review:,51-34.html

So what's with the ATI Rage Pro chip? I can't help it, but this chip lacks in too many cases to be worth a recommendation. It does not support GLQuake's or Quake II's OpenGL engine, it has obvious problems with Direct3D, it has got only very weak support of professional OpenGL under NT, so that it doesn't leave much else than it's excellent 2D performance in combination with its video in/out features. However, if I want the best 2d performer with the best picture quality and the best RAM DAC I rather go for a Matrox Millennium II. The Rage Pro is neither fish nor meat, it's no gamer's card, but it's also not really a professional card either. So what is it?

Later drivers fixed many of the early compatibility issues. Alpha blended textures was never implemented, which caused poor image quality on some games. Rage Pro works with Quake if you set Windows to 64K color mode first.

Rage LT Pro was based on Rage Pro. It had reduced power consumption, power management features and TV Out.

Rage Mobility added iDCT video compression and further power management improvements.

Rage 128

Upgraded chip with 128 internals.


  • DirectX 6.0 Support
  • Open GL 1.2 Support
  • 2 Pixel Shader, 2 Texture Units, 2 ROPs
  • Rage 128 GL has 128 bit Memory Access, Rage 128 VR has 64 bit Memory Access
  • Hardware support for vertex arrays, fog and fog table support
  • Alpha blending, vertex and Z-based fog, video textures, texture lighting
  • Single clock bilinear and trilinear texture filtering and texture compositing
  • Perspective-correct mip-mapped texturing with chroma-key support
  • Vertex and Z-based reflections, shadows, spotlights, 1.00 biasing
  • Hidden surface removal using 16, 24, or 32-bit Z-buffering
  • Gouraud and specular shaded polygons
  • Line and edge anti-aliasing, bump mapping, 8-bit stencil buffer

Period Correct CPUs:

  • Pentium II 400 with 100Mhz Bus
  • Celeron
  • K6 233 & Cyrix MX

GPU Competitors at Release:

  • 3Dfx Voodoo 2
  • 3Dfx Banshee
  • Savage 3D
  • Nvidia Riva TNT
  • 3d Labs Permedia 2

Contemporary Review:

From the perspective of the Slot-1 owner who craves speed, and wishes to get the best of all worlds (2D/3D/DVD), the Rage 128 should be considered as the ideal chipset for you. Now once your needs become a little more specific, such as greater 3D performance (Voodoo2 SLI), or greater 2D image quality (G200), then you may be forced to veer away from the Rage 128, but as a starting point, you can't go wrong with this bad boy. Regardless of the speed of your processor, if you're a slot 1 user looking for a well-rounded 2D/3D card, the Rage 128 gets AnandTech's recommendation for the best overall all-in-one, kicking Matrox out of that seat ... Super7 users should be able to find much comfort in the Rage 128, it isn't a horrible performer, and it offers very few compatibility issues with Super7 chipsets, not to mention the incredible feature set the chipset itself boasts.

Rage 128 Pro

Successor to the original Rage 128 carried several enhancements, including an enhanced triangle setup engine that doubled geometry throughput to eight million triangles/s, better texture filtering, DirectX 6.0 texture compression, AGP 4×, DVI support, and an optional Rage Theater chip for composite and S-Video TV-in. The Rage 128 Pro was generally an even match for the Voodoo 3 2000, RIVA TNT2 and Matrox G400, but was often hindered by its lower clock (often at 125MHz). Several different variants released with different clock speeds.

Sold under the following names: Rage Fury Pro, Rage Fury MAXX

Period Correct CPUs:

  • Pentium III 100 Mhz Bus
  • Pentium 2
  • K6 & Cyrix MX

GPU Competitors at Release:

  • Nvidia Riva TNT2
  • 3Dfx Voodoo 3
  • Matrox G400

Contemporary Review:

For the occasional gamer the Rage Fury Pro seems ideal but pairing the card up with a fast processor such as a Pentium III 500+ or an Athlon will most likely be doing your processor an injustice if you're concerned with gaming performance. The "slower" processors (< P3-450) is where the card will begin to shine, especially against the more CPU dependent TNT2, especially under Direct3D. The current limitation of performance under Quake 3 seems to be a result of the OpenGL ICD which does seem to have some room for improvement. It wouldn't be surprising to see the Rage 128 Pro beat out the TNT2 in a few Quake 3 runs with a better ICD.

Rage 6

The Rage 6 family was renamed to Radeon before release

ATI Rage GPU chart

Work in progress - ATI Rage GPU chart

This is a table of all the ATI GPU parts that were released as "RAGE" products. Still working on the Rage Mobility Parts.

GPU Part Name Family Bus Released Process (nm) Transistors (Mil) Die Size (mm^2) Max Clock (MHz) Max Mem (MB)
215GT2UB24 3D Rage II+DVD Rage2 PCI 500 5 86 60 8
215R2QZUA21 3D Rage IIc AGP Rage2 AGP 350 5 39
215R2PZUA21 3D Rage IIc PCI Rage2 PCI 350 5 39
215R3DUA22 3D Rage Pro AGP RagePro AGP 1997-3-1 350 8 47 75 8
215R3PUA22 3D Rage Pro PCI RagePro PCI 1997-3-1 350 8 47 75 8
215R3BJA33 Rage Pro Turbo AGP RagePro AGP 350 8 75 8
215R3PUA33 Rage Pro Turbo PCI RagePro PCI 350 8 75 8
215R3LASB41 Rage Pro XL RagePro PCI 1998-8-1 350 8 47 125 8
215R34BASA21 Rage 128 GL Rage128 1998-8-1 250 89 125 32
215R34BASA22 Rage 128 VR Rage128 PCI/AGP 1998-8-1 250 89 125 8
215R4GASA21 Rage 128 Rage128 PCI/AGP
215R4GAUC21 Rage 128 Pro Rage128Pro PCI/AGP
ATI Rage add-in boards

Here are tables that list Graphics add-in boards released with Rage GPUs by ATI The last two digits of the part number refer to the revision.

A part number that ends "-00" would either be an engineering sample or a first release. The next revisions of the board would be "-10", "-20", "-30" etc. I included the version number that I saw in my research, but there are likely other revisions that I have not seen.

The tables are grouped & ordered by GPU family, but there was a lot of overlap between generations. For example, the Video Xpression+ (109-40600-10) has copyright 1998 printed on the board, which is 2 years later than the other early Rage cards.

Card Part Number GPU Bus Released Pix:Tex/Clk Mem Size Mem Type Core/Mem Mhz Notes: DirectX 5
3D Xpression 109-34000-10 Mach64-GT (Rage) PCI 1996 1 : ½ 2,4,8 MB 64b EDO 44/57 Later sold as "Video Charger" with "Rage II + DVD" chip
3D Xclaim 109-37100-00 Rage II+DVD PCI 1997 1 : ½ 2,4,8 MB 64b SGRAM 55/66 DA15F Display Connector - Mac
Sun Workstation 109-37700-00 Rage II+DVD PCI 1996 1 : ½ 2,4,8 MB 64b SGR 55/66 DB13W3 Display Connector - Sun
3D Xpression+ PC2TV 109-37900-00 Rage II PCI 1996 1 : ½ 2,4,8 MB 64b EDO 55/60 Later sold with "3D Rage II+DVD" chip
3D Xpression+ 109-38200-00 Rage II PCI 1996 1 : ½ 2,4,8 MB 64b SGR 55/66
3D Xpression+ PC2TV 109-38500-00 Rage II PCI 1996 1 : ½ 2,4,8 MB 64b SDRAM 56/70
All In Wonder 109-38600-10 Rage II+DVD PCI 1997 1 : ½ 2,4,8 MB 64b EDO 55/60 TV Tuner
3D Charger 109-38800-00 Rage II+DVD PCI 1996 1 : ½ 2,4,8 MB 64b EDO 55/60 Later called "3D Pro Turbo" ?
3D Xclaim 109-39200-00 Rage II+DVD PCI 1997 1 : ½ 2,4,8 MB 64b SGR 55/66 VGA + DA15F Display Connector - Mac
3D Rage II 109-40100-00 Rage II+DVD PCI 1997 1 : ½ 2,4,8 MB 64b SGR 55/66
Xpert@Play AGP 109-40200-00 Rage Pro AGPx2 1997 1:1 4,8,16 MB 64b SGR 75/100 TV Out / Rev -20 (1998)
3D Rage IIC PCI 109-40600-00 Rage IIc PCI 1998 1 : ½ 2,4,8 MB 64b EDO 75/62(?) Rev -10 (1998) has Rage IIC or Mach64-VT4
All-In-Wonder Pro PCI 109-41500-00 Rage Pro PCI 1997 1:1 4,8,16 MB 64b SGR 75/100 TV Tuner / SGRAM
Xpert@Play/Work PCI 109-41900-00 Rage Pro PCI 1997 1:1 4,8,16 MB 64b SGRAM 75/100 @Play had TV Out / Rev "-10" sold with "98" suffix
Memory Addon 109-42000-00 Rage Pro 4MB or 8MB 64m SGRAM
Nexus GA 109-42600-00 Rage Pro PCI 1997 1:1 4,8,16 MB 64b WRAM? 75/100 Apple Display. external Ramdac
Xclaim VR PRO 109-43100-00 Rage Pro PCI 1997 1:1 4,8,16 MB 64b SGRAM 75/100 Apple Display
OEM 3D Rage Pro 109-43200-10 Rage Pro AGPx2 1997 1:1 4,8,16 MB 64b SGRAM 75/100 Gateway & Compaq
All In Wonder Pro 109-44600-00 Rage Pro AGPx2 1997 1:1 4,8,16 MB 64b SGRAM 75/100 TV Tuner / Rev -30 (1998) "Turbo"
Xpert LCD 109-45400-00c Rage LT Pro AGPx2 1998 1:1 4,8,16 MB 64b SGRAM 75/100 Laptop Chip with VGA & Digital Output
Xpert XL 109-46200-00 Rage Pro AGPx2 1997 1:1 4,8 MB 64b EDO 75/62.8 4 or 8 chip EDO / 32b if 4 chip?
Xpert LCD 109-47200-00 Rage LT Pro AGPx2 1998 1:1 4,8,16 MB 64b SGRAM 75/100 Laptop Chip with Dual VGA
3D Rage IIC AGP 109-48300-00 Rage IIc AGPx2 1998 1 : ½ 2,4,8 MB 32b EDO (?) 75/62(?) 4 chip EDO.
Workstation OEM ? 109-48400-00 Rage Pro AGPx2 1999 1:1 4,8,16 MB 64b SGRAM 75/100 Rev "-10"
3D Rage IIC AGP 109-49300-00 Rage IIc AGPx2 1998 1 : ½ 2,4,8 MB 2 chip SDRAM 75/83 Low End OEM. 32bit? Rev"-01"
Xpert@Work AGP 109-49800-10 Rage Pro AGPx2 1998 1:1 4,8,16 MB 64b SDRAM 75/ 75 Also built with LT & XL chips. Rev "-11"
All-In-Wonder Pro 109-50200-01 Rage Pro AGPx2 1998 1:1 4,8,16 MB 64b SGRAM 75/100 TV Tuner / SDRAM model
Rage Fury / Rage Magnum 109-50500-00 Rage 128 GL AGPx2 1999 2:1 8,16,32 MB 128b SGRAM 80/120 Rev "-10" & "-11"
Xpert 128 109-51800-01 Rage 128 GL AGPx2 1998 2:1 16 MB 128b SDRAM 90/90 Rev "-40" has mac bios
Rage Fury / Rage Magnum 109-51900-01 Rage 128 GL AGPx2 1998 2:1 32 MB 128b SDRAM 90/90 Rev "-31" (2000)
Xpert 99 109-52000-00 Rage 128 VR AGPx2 1998 2:1 8 MB 64b SDRAM 80/125 Rev "-01" and "-31" (2000)
Xpert 2000 Pro 109-52100-00 Rage 128 GL AGPx2 1999 2:1 32 MB 128b SDRAM 75/75 Funky L Card. Rev "-10" (2000)
All-In-Wonder Pro 109-52300-10 Rage Pro PCI 1998 1:1 4,8,16 MB 64b SDRAM 75/75 TV Tuner / SDRAM model
3D Rage IIC AGP 109-52800-00 Rage IIc AGPx2 1998 1 : ½ 2,4,8 MB 64b SDRAM 75/83 4 chip SDRAM. Rev "-10" (1999)
All-In-Wonder 128 109-52900-00 Rage 128 GL AGPx2 1998 2:1 32 MB 128b SDRAM 90/90 TV Tuner 8 ram chips. Revs "-02", "-04"
All-In-Wonder 128 109-53000-00 Rage 128 GL PCI 1999 2:1 32 MB 128b SDRAM 90/90 TV Tuner 8 ram chips
All-In-Wonder 128 109-53400-11 Rage 128 GL AGPx2 1999 2:1 32 MB 128b SDRAM 90/90 TV Tuner 4 ram chips. Rev "-12"
Xpert LCD 109-55700-00 Rage LT Pro AGPx2 1999 1:1 4,8,16 MB 64b SDRAM 75/75 Laptop Chip with VGA & Digital Output. Rev "-01" (1999)
Rage Orion (Mac) 109-57400-10 Rage 128 GL PCI 1998 2:1 16 MB 64b & 128b SDRAM 90/90 Sold for PC as Rage 128 VR & Xclaim VR 128 w/ Ext TV tuner. Rev "-31" (2000)
Nexus 128 (Mac) 109-57500-00 Rage 128 GL PCI 1998 2:1 32 MB 128b SDRAM 90/90
OEM Rage 128 Pro 109-60600-10 Rage 128 Pro AGPx4 1999 2:1 32 MB 128b SDRAM 134/134 16MB & 64b bus if only 2 chips are populated
Rage Fury Pro / Rage Magnum 109-61300-10 Rage 128 Pro AGPx4 1999 2:1 32 MB 128b SGRAM 118/140 Optional TV Out
3D Rage IIC PCI 109-61800-10 Rage IIc PCI 1999 1 : ½ 2,4,8 MB 2 chip SDRAM 75/83(?) Low End OEM. 32bit?
Xclaim Dual Rage 128 Pro 109-63000-10 Rage 128 Pro AGPx4 1999 2:1 32 MB 128b SDRAM 120/120 DVI and VGA / 8 Ram chips / G4 Apple Only?
Rage Fury Pro 109-63100-10 Rage 128 Pro AGPx4 1999 2:1 16, 32MB 128b SGRAM 118/140
Rage 128 PRO 109-63200-10 Rage 128 Pro AGPx4 2000 2:1 16 MB 128b SDRAM 120/120 4Chip Ram , Optional TV Out, Rage Theater
All-In-Wonder 128 PRO 109-65600-10 Rage 128 Pro AGPx4 2000 2:1 32 MB 128b SDRAM 120/120 4Chip Ram , TV Tuner
Xpert 2000 PRO 109-65700-10 Rage 128 Pro AGPx4 1999 2:1 32 MB 128b SDRAM 118/118 Funky L Card
Xpert 2000 109-66500-10 Rage 128 GL AGPx2 1999 2:1 32 MB 64b SDRAM 118/118
Rage XL AGP 109-66700-00 Rage Pro XL AGPx2 1999 1:1 4,8,16 MB 64b SDRAM 83/83 4 chip SDRAM / XPERT 98
Rage XL AGP 109-66900-00 Rage Pro XL AGPx2 1999 1:1 4,8,16 MB 32b SDRAM 83/83 2 chip SDRAM
Rage Fury MAXX 109-67300-10 Rage 128 Pro AGPx4 1999 4:2 64 MB 2 x 128b SGRAM 125/143 Dual Chip & Ram / Alternate frame rendering
Xpert@Play 2000 ? 109-68100-01 Rage 128 GL AGPx2 2000 2:1 32 MB 64b SDRAM 103/103 TV Out
Rage 128 Pro 109-70400-10 Rage 128 Pro PCI 1999 2:1 32MB 128b SDRAM 118/118
Rage XL PCI 109-72300-10 Rage Pro XL PCI 2000 1:1 4,8,16 MB 32b SDRAM 125/83 Reduced Cost Model
Xclaim 3D PRO 109-72700-02 Rage 128 Pro AGPx4 2000 2:1 32MB 128b SDRAM 118/118 Apple "ADC" port / 8 Chip Ram
Rage 128 PRO Ultra GL 109-73100-10 Rage 128 Pro2 AGPx4 2001 2:1 32MB 128b SDRAM 130/130 4 Chip Ram
Rage 128 109-74400-10 Rage 128 GL PCI 2001 2:1 16MB 64b SDRAM 118/118
Rage 128 PRO Ultra 109-78200-00 Rage 128 Pro2 AGPx4 2000 2:1 32MB 64b/128b SDRAM 130/130 4 or 8 Chip Ram / Optional Rage Theater

Rage Bios Numbers can be found here:

ATi Radeon series

Radeon 7200
Radeon 7000 32MB DDR PCI
Radeon 7500 64MB

The original Radeon was a Direct3D 7 visual processing unit (VPU), as ATi named it. It is a 2 pixel per clock design with 3 texture units on each of the pixel pipelines. The 166 MHz Radeon DDR (aka 7200) is competitive with GeForce 256 DDR. Clock speeds varied from 143 - 200 MHz, synchronous memory and core.

It supports environmental bump mapping (EMBM), unlike GeForce cards at the time. It has a basic form of anisotropic filtering that is high performance and offers a nice quality improvement but is highly angle-dependent and can not operate at the same time as trilinear filtering. It also offers ordered-grid supersampling anti-aliasing.

Backwards compatibility with old D3D 5 games is limited because of the lack of support for fog table and palettized textures. It is possible to enable fog table via registry tweaks but it was not officially supported.

RV100 (Radeon VE / 7000) is a chip with dual display capabilities but with reduced 3D hardware. It lacks T&L and has a single pixel pipeline. It is somewhat faster than TNT2 Ultra and G400 Max.

RV200 (Radeon 7500) is a die shrink of R100 with some improvements. It has more anisotropic filtering options and is capable of asynchronous clocking of memory and the core. The top of the line model is clocked at 290 MHz core and 230 MHz RAM, and competes with GeForce 2 Ti/Pro. There are many variations of this card.

Radeon 8500 128MB

This generation is the first with Direct3D 8 compliance, actually Direct3D 8.1. The Radeon 8500 is a 4 pipeline design with 2 texture units per pipeline and operates at up to 275 MHz, typically with synchronous core and RAM. It is competitive with GeForce 3 Ti 500.

A wide variety of supersampling anti-aliasing modes are available (2-6x, quality/performance). ATi calls it "Smoothvision". It uses various techniques, including a jittered-grid pattern for some modes/cases and ordered-grid for others. In Direct3D, fog may force it to use ordered-grid. Drivers vary in their behavior as well.[1]

Anisotropic filtering is somewhat improved, with more levels supported, but is again very angle dependent and can not work with trilinear filtering. GeForce 3+ have higher quality anisotropic filtering but with a much higher performance impact.

ATi introduced a tessellation function called TruForm.

Backwards compatibility with old D3D 5 games is limited because of the lack of support for fog table and palettized textures.

RV250 and RV280, known as Radeon 9000, 9200 and 9250, are slight evolutions of the design. They have somewhat reduced specifications but are more efficient and run cooler. They were popular notebook GPUs. Performance of Radeon 9000 Pro is not far off of Radeon 8500. Radeon 9100 is a rename of Radeon 8500 LE.

Radeon 9500 Pro 128MB
Radeon 9600 256MB
Radeon 9800 XL 128MB
Radeon 9800 Pro 256MB

Introduced in August 2002, the R300 GPUs are Direct3D 9.0-compliant graphics chips. R300 introduced Shader Model 2.0 support and is also OpenGL 2.0-compliant. The R300 was designed by the ArtX engineering team that ATI had acquired in Feburary 2000. The same ArtX engineers (who were also former SGI employees) designed the Nintendo Gamecube GPU (Flipper) as well as the SGI RealityEngine-based graphics processor in the Nintendo 64. The first R300-based cards released were the Radeon 9500 and 9700 line of cards. In 2003, the Radeon 9600 and 9800 series were added to the lineup. R300 has many improvements and noticeably better visual quality than ATI's prior chips. Radeon 9800 Pro is competitive with GeForce FX 5900 Ultra, but with Direct3D 9 games the GeForce FX falls far behind.

Anisotropic filtering quality is vastly improved in the R300, with much lower angle-dependency and the ability to work simultaneously with trilinear filtering. Furthermore, compared to its initial competitor, NVIDIA's GeForce 4 Ti series, R300's anisotropic filtering incurred much less performance decrease. Anti-aliasing is now performed with 2-6x gamma-corrected rotated-grid multi-sampling anti-aliasing. MSAA operates only on polygon edges, which of course means no anti-aliasing within textures or of transparent textures, but expends far less fillrate and is thus useable at higher resolutions. NVIDIA does not match the quality of this MSAA until GeForce 8. However, ATi did not support any form of super-sampling with R300-R700, while NVIDIA did.

The R300 enjoyed visual quality and performance supremacy over its competitors in games and applications that extensively used Shader Model 2.0. NVIDIA would not be able to match or exceed ATI's Direct3D 9.0 performance until the release of the GeForce 6 series in 2004.

Backwards compatibility with old D3D 5 games is limited because of the lack of support for fog table and palettized textures. Also, despite being Direct3D 9.0-compliant, the R300 is not officially supported under Windows 7. However, for full Direct3D and OpenGL support, it is still possible to use the Windows Vista driver instead under Windows 7, although WDDM 1.1 features will not be present.

Radeon X600 Pro 256MB
Radeon X800 XT PE

Introduced in 2004, this is ATi's Direct3D 9.0b generation. It is very similar to R300 in general, but with 16 pipelines in the top chip instead of 8, and higher clock speeds. They are still shader model 2.0 GPUs but have some extensions beyond 2.0, which gives them a 2.0b designation, but are not 3.0 compliant. This was not an issue until about 2 years after launch when games started to outright require shader model 3.0 or run without some visual features. There are some games that utilize 2.0b features - for example Oblivion has more visual effects available on X800 than 9800.

A new anti-aliasing mode was introduced, called temporal AA. This feature shifts the sampling pattern on a per-frame basis, if the card can maintain >= 60 fps. This works well with human vision and gives a tangible improvement to anti-aliasing quality. Also, while not initially available, adaptive anti-aliasing was added to the R400 series after the release of R500 series. Adaptive AA anti-aliases within transparent textures, giving MSAA more SSAA-like capabilities.

The ATI R400 series are ATI's last GPUs with official Windows 98/98 SE/ME support. Likewise with the R300 series, the R400 series is not officially supported under Windows 7. However, for full Direct3D and OpenGL support, it is still possible to use the Windows Vista driver instead under Windows 7, although WDDM 1.1 features will not be present.


Introduced in 2005, the Radeon X1000 / R500 series are ATI's first Direct3D 9.0c-compliant GPUs with full Shader Model 3.0 features. The R500 series is not officially supported under Windows 7. However, for full Direct3D and OpenGL support, it is still possible to use the Windows Vista driver instead under Windows 7, although WDDM 1.1 features will not be present.

HD 2600Pro and HD 2600XT, AGP versions
HD 3850 AGP

Introduced in 2006, these Radeons added the "HD" prefix to their names. R600 includes both the HD 2xxx and HD 3xxx series, with the AGP version of the HD 3850 arguably being the most powerful AGP graphics card to ever have been made (with only the AGP variants of the HD 4650 and the HD 4670 being of a more recent GPU family).

HD 4670 1GB Club3D AGP

Introduced in 2008, the R700 family included the last graphics cards to be made for AGP slots.

Driver suggestions for games
Star Wars Knights of the Old Republic 1 & 2

These OpenGL games are problematic for Radeon cards. DirectX 8 Radeons should use Catalyst 4.2 for KOTOR and Catalyst 5.1 for KOTOR 2. DirectX 9 Radeons in the R300 series can try these as well. With the R4x0 through R6x0 Radeon cards, Catalyst 7.11 may be the best choice.

If the soft shadows option is greyed out and disabled, as it most likely will be, edit swkotor.ini and add "AllowSoftShadows=1" to the [Graphics Options] section.

Video captures

3D Rage II

Note: The Dawning Demo was actually targeted for the ATI Rage128 series that is a considerably newer, thus faster core than the 3D Rage II.

3D Rage Pro

Related links